Social Science Forum 101 (XXXVIIII)

Introduction: Dear reader
Introduction to the thematic bloc: Experiential history of social work

Tanja Oblak Črnič; Darja Zaviršek

A Systematic Literature Review on Occupational Risks, Strategies and Policies in sex work in Slovenia

Iztok Šori, Leja Markelj

ABSTRACT: The article summarises the main findings of a systematic literature review on sex work in Slovenia published between 1990 and 2020. The main aim was to provide a systematic overview of the findings of previous studies on occupational risks in sex work and strategies and policies to reduce them. The results show that sexworkers encounter specific occupational risks related to stigma, safety, policies, health, business, access to services and private life. They use a variety of strategiesto reduce them, and setting boundaries for clients is particularly important. To improve working conditions, studies recommend changing regulation, informing different target groups and establishing accessible and non-stigmatising support and advocacy programmes for sex workers. In addition, our review highlights the need to facilitate and promote the professionalisation of sex work.

KEY WORDS: sex work, occupational risks, strategies, policies, professionalisation,systematic literature review

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Professionalisation of Social Work in Slovenia: Between the Enthusiasm of Women and the Demands of the Socialist Authorities

Darja Zaviršek

ABSTRACT: The article is a detailed reconstruction of early social work education in Slovenia in the 1950s. It marks the beginnings of the professionalisation of social work in the context of state socialism. On one hand, the government viewed social work with unease while, on the other, Yugoslavia was the only country of the former “socialist bloc“ to introduce comprehensive social work education in all its republics. Based on archival research, a thematic analysis of written sources
on social welfare from the 1950s, and oral narratives of professionals, the article describes the impact of social work education in Croatia on the school in
Slovenia, analyses the main actors in the field of social welfare, and addresses the social welfare issues being discussed in the early period.

KEY WORDS: social work, Yugoslav socialism, schools for social workers Ljubljana,
Slovenia, Croatia

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Social Policy and Concept of Social Work in Slovenia in the First Years after the Second World War

Mateja Jeraj

ABSTRACT: The paper is based on archival records, legal bases and printed sources, and its purpose is to present the conceptual basis of social policy, the role and content of social welfare, the first forms of social work and methods of training for this type of work in Slovenia in the early years after the Second World War. Under socialism, the state took over the social welfare, but initially it was not yet able to provide social assistance to everyone who needed it. The state also appointed the ‘mass organisations’, especially the Women’s Anti-Fascist Front. From 1945 to 1949, a social political school operated at the ministry responsible for social affairs to provide professional and political training for new “social workers” as quickly as possible.

KEY WORDS: social policy, social welfare, social work, socialism, Slovenia

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Social Work in Socialist Factories

Nina Vodopivec

ABSTRACT: The article deals with the development of social work in socialist textile factories in Slovenia from the 1960s. The article is based on reports of workers’ council meetings in the Pletenina knitwear factory and on research conducted by students of the School of Social Work in socialist factories, and on interviews with some former social workers in textile factories. The empirical material points to social problems identified by the social workers and the miserable social conditions in which the textile workers lived and worked. The studies conducted by the students are important sources for researching the social conditions of textile workers in the socialist past. They also point to the social understanding of the problems and social work in the former political system. I interpret the material in the context of my year-long study of the experiences of women textile workers in Slovenia.

KEY WORDS: social work in companies, socialist factories, textile workers, Slovenia

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Social Work in Socialist Factories

Dunja Dobaja

ABSTRACT: The article focuses on two groups of children with special needs: the deaf and hard of hearing, and the blind and visually impaired children. The article outlines the development of the education system for the mentioned groups of children in the period from the end of the First World War to the end of the socialist period at the start of the 1990s. The contribution mainly focuses on the period after the end of the Second World War. In that period, two underlying concepts were used in the care for children with special needs, namely segregation and integration.

KEY WORDS: children, hearing impairment, visual impairment, segregation,

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"Serious Personal, Family or Material Circumstances": Social Grounds for Abortion and the Introduction of a Social Indication in Legislation in Slovenia

Sara Pistotnik

ABSTRACT: In the article, I discuss the expansion of access to abortion in Slovenia since the 1960s, in particular the introduction of social indications as a separate category of legally accepted reasons for it. I describe legal regulations, the role of social workers in Commissions granting abortion, and the practice of decision-making with regard to social reasons, i.e., which individual, family and social circumstances were considered legitimate to grant an abortion. Since such requests became dominant immediately after the introduction of social indications, the practice of decision-making can help us acknowledge social norms during socialism. In particular, this refers to a shift from understanding abortion as a medical problem to understanding social circumstances leading women to seek it and a change
in the state’s focus towards creating the conditions for family planning policies.

KEY WORDS: children, hearing impairment, visual impairment, segregation, integration

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Book Reviews

  • Marko Hočevar: Jessica Whyte: Morala trga: človekove pravice in vzpon neoliberalizma. Ljubljana: Sophia, 2020.
  • Svenja Fischbach: Tanja Višić: Peripheral Labour Mobilities. Elder Care Work between the Former Yugolsavia and Germany. Fankfurt a.M.: Campus Verlag, 2022.
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