Družboslovne razprave 83 (XXXII)

The Europeanisation of Sociology? A Bibliometric Comparison of Družboslovne Razprave and Österreichische Zeitschrift für Soziologie

Barbara Hoeing

ABSTRACT:  This paper investigates the impact of Europeanisation dynamics on the formation and development of sociology in Slovenia and Austria. Compared are problem choice in research areas, topics, and the language of citations of sociological knowledge published in two sociology journals, Družboslovne razprave and Österreichische Zeitschrift für Soziologie over a 30-year period (1986–2015). Methodologically, the bibliometric analysis of journals was undertaken as a study entailing two distinct phases and methods of comparison. The empirical findings indicate that society’s structural change, political transformation and European integration have been subject to much more research among Slovenian sociologists than among their Austrian colleagues.

KEY WORDS: comparative sociology, bibliometrics, Slovenia, Austria, Europeanisation

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The Disciplinary Society and the Birth of Sociology: A Foucauldian Perspective

Dušan Ristić, Dušan Marinković

ABSTRACT:  This paper is genealogical research that aims to present one of the historical ways that led to the emergence of sociology as a modern science. We discuss how and why this kind of genealogical research is important for explaining the emergence, transformation and regionalisation of power/knowledge. By following the arguments developed by Michel Foucault, we argue that the disciplinary practices emerging in European societies during the 18th and 19th centuries strongly influenced the upsurge of power/knowledge that would be transformed in sociology. We conclude that the appearance of the institutions – elements of what Foucault called the disciplinary society – led to the rise of new discourses of their legitimisation and to the birth of sociology.

KEY WORDS: discipline, Foucault, genealogy, power/knowledge, sociology

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Examining Sociology’s Position in an Increasingly Interdisciplinary Environment

Krešimir Žažar

ABSTRACT:  The perspective of growing interdisciplinarity implies the need to establish sociology’s position within an even more ‘interdisciplinary environment’ of contemporary science. Sociology’s relationship with other sciences is intimately intertwined with several types of issues scrutinised here: a) the modalities of interdisciplinary conjunctions; b) the attributes of levels at which interdisciplinary cooperation may appear; c) what sociology can provide to and what it may require from other disciplines; and d) potential advantages of participation in interdisciplinary scientific ventures, as well as their possible hazards. Further, the preference for multidisciplinarity as a ‘softer’ variant of interdisciplinary connection is emphasised. Finally, the urgency pertaining to the disciplinary uniqueness of sociology, due to its capability to adequately answer a vast number of social challenges today, is underlined.

KEY WORDS: contemporary science, disciplines, forms of interdisciplinary conjunctions, fragmentation of sociology, role of sociology

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Teaching Society? Looking for New Ways to Teach Sociology in Contemporary Hungary

Miskolczi Péter, Gábor Király

ABSTRACT:  Sociology’s possible roles of producing knowledge and shaping society can suggest several different approaches to teaching. In our article, we conduct a macro-level review of sociology’s role in society. We touch upon the issue of value-free sociology (stressing scientific neutrality) and then refer to Burawoy’s programme of public sociology (advocating involvement in civil society) and its criticism. We connect this with the Hungarian experience which shows that while sociology was historically involved, to various extents, in shaping society by either legitimating or challenging the status quo, nowadays this function seems to be superfluous for the architects of political power. In such a social context, even the goals of improving students’ reflexivity and critical thinking might be seen as a political act.

KEY WORDS: sociology’s social role, knowledge production, shaping society, CEE sociology, Hungarian democracy, critical thinking, reflexivity, teaching sociology

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Oris izbranih kazalnikov retradicionalizacije slovenske družbe

Urban Vehovar, Jernej Tiran

IZVLEČEK: Prispevek orisuje izbrane kazalnike procesa retradicionalizacije slovenske družbe s poudarkom na zadnjih petindvajsetih letih. Uvodoma so opredeljeni ključni pojmi, kot so tradicija, modernost in retradicionalizacija. Proces retradicionalizacije slovenske družbe temelji na slovenskem tradicionalnem preživetvenem modelu. Avtorja ocenjujeta, da ostaja slovenska družba pretirano politično integrirana na področju gospodarstva in države ter  na ravni lokalne samouprave. Zelo nizka raven zaupanja v demokratične institucije skupaj z nekaterimi drugimi dejavniki utrjuje integriranost v lokalno okolje. Na socialnem področju se krepi preživetveni pomen družine in viša raven identifikacije z lokalnim okoljem. Raven socialnega kapitala je nizka. Na področju vrednotnega sistema in kulture pa prevladujejo ali se krepijo egalitarizem, avtoritarizem, »nizka kultura« ter ksenofobija. Orisani kazalniki kažejo, da so modernizacijski trendi v Sloveniji v zadnjih 25 letih, še posebej pa po gospodarski krizi leta 2008, vsaj deloma zaustavljeni.

KLJUČNE BESEDE: tradicija, modernost, retradicionalizacija, tradicionalni preživetveno-poslovni model, družbena integracija in regulacija

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Recenzije

Kaja Poteko, Ana Pavlič, Lea Kuhar, Nina Perger, Marko Hočevar

ABSTRACT:  Gregor Moder: Komična ljubezen: Shakespeare, Hegel, Lacan. Ljubljana: Društvo za teoretsko psihoanalizo, 2015. Kaja Poteko Michel Foucault: »Družbo je treba braniti«. Predavanja na College de France (1975–1976). Ljubljana: Studia Humanitatis, 2015. Ana Pavlič Michel Foucault: Rojstvo biopolitike: kurz na College de France: 1978–1979. Ljubljana: Založba Krtina, 2015. Lea Kuhar Anja Koletnik, Ana Grm in Martin Gramc: Vsi spoli so resnični – transspolnost, transseksualnost in cisspolna nenormativnost. Ljubljana: Društvo informacijski center Legebitra, 2016. Nina Perger Ilan Pappe: The Idea of Israel: A History of Power and Knowledge. London, New York: Verso. 2014. Marko Hočevar

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In memoriam Thomas (Tomaž) Luckmann (14. 10. 1927-10. 5. 2016)

Marko Kerševan